VP Shunt

A VP shunt is used to drain the brain’s excess brain fluid (CSF). CSF is the brain and spinal cord’s surrounding blood. It’s created inside your brain in the ventricles (whole spaces). By serving as a cushion, CSF covers the brain and spinal cord. If you get so much of it, though, your brain and your skull will be under strain. Additional CSF fluid may be caused by multiple factors, such as a brain tumor or when you are born. It also increases the size of your ventricles Hydrocephalus (hy-dro-ceph-a-lus) is a type of hydrocephalus. For more than 50 years hydrocephalus has been treated with shunts. Excess cerebrospinal fluid may be pumped into another portion of the body.


VP shunting is an operation that mostly deals with an illness called hydrocephalic disease. This disorder arises when the brain ventricles accumulate excess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). CSF coats the brain and defends against skull damage. The fluid serves as a mechanism for the distribution of nutrients required in your brain. CSF normally travels to the base of the brain via the ventricles. Then the brain and spinal cord are bathed until they are recolonized in the blood. The concentration of fluid will induce unhealthy tissue strain to the brain as this natural flow is interrupted, causing damage to the brain. Doctors surgically place vaccinations in one ventricle of the brain to distract fluid from the brain and to re-establish natural fluid flow and CSF absorption.

Two catheters and a single-way valve typically form a shunt. The valve controls the quantity, flow direction, and pressure of the brain fluid. The single-way valve opens and the excessive fluid flows to the downstream cavity as the pressure of cerebrospinal fluid inside the brain increases. The fluid is normally shunted (moved).

Doctors usually insert a VP shunt during the overall anesthesia of a patient. During the surgery, you will be unconscious and will not suffer discomfort. It takes approximately 90 minutes to finish the operation.

Speak to the care staff about limits on preoperative food and alcohol. Older children and adults may need to quickly be on the surgery for at least 8 hours. Children and kids may require only six hours before an operation to quit eating baby formula and solid food but typically may drink water up to four hours before an operation is planned. In all cases, the surgical technique should check these guidelines.

In preparation for shunting, the surgeon will raise the region behind the ear when they are going to insert the catheter. Small, lightweight tubes used for removing extra fluid are the catheters. A physician makes a small incision behind the ear and often perforates a small opening in the skull. Then through this crack, they thread a catheter through the brain. Behind the jaw, the other catheter is subcutaneous, so it stays beneath the skin. The tube passes to your chest and abdomen so that your body consumes an abundance of CSF in your abdomen’s cavity. Your surgeon will mount both catheters to a small pump and position it behind your ear under the tissue. As the skull pressure rises, the pump is triggered automatically to drain fluid. The pump, also known as a pipe, can even be triggered when the fluid expands to a certain volume.

Treatment at B. P. Poddar

The new ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VP) technology is provided by B.P Poddar Hospital, Kolkata in India to alleviate brain stress caused by fluid build-up. State-of-the-art equipment complements our neurosurgery team to conduct challenging yet inexpensive neurosurgery. B.P Poddar Hospital has one of the lowest costs in contrast to the other centers in Kolkata, India, for ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt. The aim of the procedure is to divert the extra fluid from the brain and place it in the abdomen where it is consumed.

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